It is all of the procedures performed to replace the lost chewing functions, speech and aesthetic disorders caused by tooth deficiencies in patients. The prosthesis to be made according to the number of missing teeth and the location of the missing teeth is planned by the dentist.
Prostheses are generally examined in two classes as removable and fixed prostheses. removable prostheses
Full dentures: They are dentures made for patients who have no teeth. The teeth are arranged on an acrylic gingival-colored base. In this type of prosthesis, the prosthesis sits on soft tissue. The saliva layer in between ensures the retention of the prosthesis. Another important factor in retention is the size of the palate.
Patients who do not have sufficient palate size complain that their prostheses move.
To resolve these complaints:
• Adhesive agents can be used
• Dental pads can be used
• If there is suitable bone, it can be supported with an implant.
Partial dentures: These are the dentures that are made if the remaining teeth of the patient are too few to make a fixed bridge or if they cannot provide sufficient strength for the fixed bridge. There is a metal construction inside the prosthesis. The teeth are lined up on this construction. It has parts that cover the remaining teeth. With these parts, retention is provided.
Patients should brush their removable dentures regularly every day. They should also be taken out in the evening and stored in a container of water.
Crowns and bridges
Teeth with excessive material loss due to caries should be coated individually in order to withstand chewing forces. Bridge prostheses are made by covering the missing tooth and the tooth in front of and behind the gap in case of missing teeth. The teeth in front of and behind the cavity are abraded.