Aesthetic Dentistry

Its main theme is a healthy smile design. Smile design is to renew the ideal smile with health and naturalness.

The important thing is to create an aesthetic smile expression that suits you within the scope of medical rules.

The aesthetic dentist should design a smile that the patient will perceive as pleasant and attractive and correct the defective image. Its purpose is to create an aesthetically acceptable and biologically compatible tooth array for the patient. For this, if necessary, the preliminary examination should be very long, the diagnosis models and photographs of the patient should be taken, the expected result should be expressed fully and clearly. Aesthetic
dentistry is a very sensitive scientific study. Health should not be compromised in order to provide an ideal image. However, we would like to point out that aesthetics is a relative concept and not everyone’s aesthetics may fit. For example, while I find the person “A” very beautiful, someone else may not find her beautiful at all.

Each patient should be evaluated separately for an aesthetic smile. The procedures required for each patient are different.

The patient’s age, gender, lips, lower-upper jaw relationship, the amount of crowding of the teeth, the amount of appearance of the gums, facial features should be evaluated and the applications that can be made should be explained to the patient.

In aesthetic dentistry, the patient’s orthodontic problems should be resolved first. Then the required procedures should be determined according to the patient’s needs.


It is the process of removing discoloration on the teeth with whitening materials applied on the enamel of the teeth under the control of a physician. The rate of whitening of the teeth is related to the color of the teeth before the treatment, and although it varies from person to person, the color will lighten at least 2-3 tones as a result of the treatment.

Teeth become discolored as a result of colorants such as cigarettes, pipes, tea, coffee, red wine, aging, root canal treatment, antibiotics taken during development (tetracycline discoloration), and various systemic disorders.

Whitening treatment performed with materials in suitable concentrations for the patient under the supervision of a physician does not cause any damage (abrasion, decay, breakage) on the teeth. Sensitivity to cold may occur only during treatment, and this situation is eliminated with desensitizers applied by the physician.

Treatment is started with a session of approximately 45-60 minutes by using laser or light sources in the hospital environment, and then whitening is continued with self-activated products at home or in the hospital environment. The advantage of laser use is that it shortens the treatment time and has less sensitivity.

Whitening treatment requires 1-3 sessions in a hospital setting and 7-14 days of application at home. The lifespan of the treatment is approximately 1-3 years, depending on the patient’s diet and habits.

They are porcelain leaves that stick to the front surfaces of the teeth. It is one of the most conservative (preventive) treatments that can be done. This is because too little tissue is removed from the tooth for veneers to be made. It is sufficient to remove an average of 0.3-0.7 mm of tooth tissue. Then the veneers are prepared in the desired color and form and adhered. They are very successful aesthetically, as they are very thin and do not
contain metal. Laminate veneers have a unique ability to allow light to pass through, making the applied teeth look completely real. With this feature, it looks like a real tooth in flash and disco lights. (In these lights, coatings with metal in them appear as black spots, as if they were not in the mouth).

The light transmittance of laminates also varies according to the porcelain used and the construction technique.

Although porcelain veneers are very thin, they are very resistant to breaking when glued. The bonding process takes place with a special method (bonding resin) and it is not possible to separate the laminate veneer from the tooth after bonding. However, they can be removed by abrading like natural teeth.

Laminas are indistinguishable from natural teeth as they require minimum preparation, are not stained with agents such as cigarettes, tea, coffee, and have light transmission properties. Therefore, it has been the most ideal aesthetic treatment method applied today.


The most basic rule of making an aesthetic tooth is that the tooth we make should look as close to nature. Metalfree full-ceramic crowns have been developed to ensure that the prostheses made look natural and not as if they were made.

In metal supported porcelains; It has been observed that there are disadvantages such as lack of light permeability, dullness in appearance, color changes in the gums during long application years and solutions to this problem have been sought. The metal infrastructure under the ceramic superstructure was seen as the reason for these disadvantages, and new alternatives that were equally robust but more aesthetic were produced.
Metal-free ceramics began to be used as a result of this search.

The most important feature of metal-free full ceramics is that the light transmittance is very close to the natural tooth. As a result, depth and vitality appear in the tooth. Thus, the closest visual results to natural teeth are obtained.